Diagnostic methods used for the detection of Theileria equi: review of the last decade

Authors

  • Simona Giubega Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine” King Michael I of Romania” from Timisoara
  • Cristian Dreghiciu Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine” King Michael I of Romania” from Timisoara
  • Marius Stelian Ilie Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine” King Michael I of Romania” from Timisoara
  • Gheorghe Darabus Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine” King Michael I of Romania” from Timisoara

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52331/cvj.v27i2.37

Keywords:

Theileria equi, equine piroplasmosis, PCR, cELISA, blood smear

Abstract

Theileria equi is one of the aetiological agents responsible for EP and is transmitted by ticks to horses, mules, donkeys and zebras. Clinical signs are often nonspecific and can easily be confused with other pathologies. Although acute, sub-acute and chronic forms have been described, the most common situation in equines is that of asymptomatic carrier, characterized by undetectable or extremely low parasitaemia and lack of clinical signs. Identification of the parasitic agent can be done both by direct methods and by molecular and serological methods. This study aims to identify the most commonly used diagnostic methods of EP with the highest specificity and sensitivity and the fewest limitations. In order to achieve the aim of this study, a systematic database search was carried out, resulting, after a preliminary selection, in a total of 97 publications considered eligible. It was concluded that molecular diagnostic methods can overcome many of the limitations of traditional methods and are essential to identify and distinguish genotypes of T. equi. Nonmolecular diagnostic methods may lack sensitivity and specificity, but they are still widely used and useful to support clinical and epidemiological research.

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Published

2022-11-15

How to Cite

Giubega, S., Dreghiciu, C., Ilie, M. S. and Darabus, G. (2022) “Diagnostic methods used for the detection of Theileria equi: review of the last decade”, Cluj Veterinary Journal, 27(2), pp. 16–24. doi: 10.52331/cvj.v27i2.37.

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